Duplicate OSPF Router Links on Nexus 7000

As part of a data center migration, I was moving IP subnets from one data center with Nexus 7000s to another data center with new Nexus 93240s. When I shut down VLAN interfaces on the Nexus 7Ks to bring them up on the Nexus 93240s, I realized that a few subnets were still being advertised on one of the Nexus 7000s due to duplicate OSPF Router link entries in its OSPF database. How could that be?

Let me show you what I found and the workaround to this problem.

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Problem Description

Data Center 1 (DC1) has two Nexus 7000s with code version 6.2(20). I am moving IP subnets, such as 10.62.2.2/23, to Data Center 2 (DC2) with two new Nexus 93240 switches (Layer 3 Aggregation). When I shut down the corresponding SVIs on the Nexus 7000s, the two Nexus 93240s in DC2 reported that they were still receiving via OSPF the 10.62.2.2/23 subnet from DC1.

This was not good because I shut down the SVIs on both Nexus 7010s in DC1. If the SVIs were down, that subnet should’ve come out of the OSPF database.

Duplicate OSPF Router Links on Nexus 7000 - Network Case Diagram
Duplicate OSPF Router Link on Nexus 7000 – Data Center Move – Network Diagram

Unlike Nexus 7010 (2), when VLAN 100 is up on Nexus 7010 (1), its router LSA showed two entries for the 10.62.2.0 OSPF Router link instead of ONE.

N7K-01# show ip ospf database router 10.255.255.255 detail | i 10.62.2.0
      (Link ID) Network/Subnet Number: 10.62.2.0
      (Link ID) Network/Subnet Number: 10.62.2.0
N7K-01#

Remember that the OSPF Router LSA contains a description of all the active links. The normal behavior should be one entry per link that should disappear when the interface is shut down or deleted; however, when I shut down VLAN 100’s SVI, the real entry disappeared but the other “ghost” entry remained for Nexus 7K-01 with OSPF Router-ID 10.255.255.255.

N7K-01# config term ; int vlan 100 ; shutdown ; end
Enter configuration commands, one per line.  End with CNTL/Z.
N7K-01#
N7K-01# show ip ospf database router 10.255.255.255 detail | i 10.62.2.0
      (Link ID) Network/Subnet Number: 10.62.2.0
N7K-01#

After shutting down the SVI, I tried deleting the SVI with no success.

N7K-01# config term ; no int vlan 100 ; end
Enter configuration commands, one per line.  End with CNTL/Z.
N7K-01#
N7K-01# show ip ospf database router 10.255.255.255 detail | i 10.62.2.0
      (Link ID) Network/Subnet Number: 10.62.2.0
N7K-01#

Even though there wasn’t an interface on Nexus 7010 (1) with a subnet of 10.62.2.0/23, a “ghost” OSPF Router Link still showed in the router LSA for Nexus 7K-01 (OSPF Router-ID: 10.255.255.255).

So, since I wasn’t able to migrate this subnet over to the new Nexus 93240s at the new data center, I added this SVI 100 back on Nexus 7K 01 and 02.

N7K-01(config)# interface Vlan100
N7K-01(config-if)#   ip address 10.62.2.2/23
N7K-01(config-if)#   ip ospf passive-interface
N7K-01(config-if)#   ip router ospf 1 area 0.0.0.0
N7K-01(config-if)#   hsrp version 2
N7K-01(config-if)#   hsrp 100
N7K-01(config-if-hsrp)#     authentication md5 key-chain HSRP-KEY
N7K-01(config-if-hsrp)#     name Wless_Guest-HSRP
N7K-01(config-if-hsrp)#     priority 150
N7K-01(config-if-hsrp)#     ip 10.62.2.1
N7K-01(config-if-hsrp)#     exit
N7K-01(config-if)#   description Wless_Guest
N7K-01(config-if)#   no shutdown
N7K-01(config-if)#   end
N7K-01#

N7K-02(config)# interface Vlan100
N7K-02(config-if)#   ip address 10.62.2.3/23
N7K-02(config-if)#   ip ospf passive-interface
N7K-02(config-if)#   ip router ospf 1 area 0.0.0.0
N7K-02(config-if)#   hsrp version 2
N7K-02(config-if)#   hsrp 100
N7K-02(config-if-hsrp)#     authentication md5 key-chain HSRP-KEY
N7K-02(config-if-hsrp)#     name Wless_Guest-HSRP
N7K-02(config-if-hsrp)#     priority 140
N7K-02(config-if-hsrp)#     ip 10.62.2.1
N7K-02(config-if-hsrp)#     exit
N7K-02(config-if)#   description Wless_Guest
N7K-02(config-if)#   no shutdown
N7K-02(config-if)#   end
N7K-02#

I checked the OSPF Router LSA for Nexus 7K-01, and the link was still there, twice.

N7K-01# show ip ospf database router 10.255.255.255 detail | i 10.62.2.0
      (Link ID) Network/Subnet Number: 10.62.2.0
      (Link ID) Network/Subnet Number: 10.62.2.0
N7K-01#

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Workaround

I opened a TAC case to report this problem as it might’ve been documented internally within Cisco TAC. No success here.

After doing some testing, I realized that if you deleted the SVI while it was UP (not shutdown) on Nexus 7K-01, both entries disappeared from its OSPF Router LSA.

N7K-01# config term ; no int vlan 2004; end
Enter configuration commands, one per line.  End with CNTL/Z.
N7K-01#
N7K-01# show ip ospf database router 10.255.255.255 detail | i 10.62.2.0
N7K-01#

As you can see, nothing showed under the OSPF Router LSA.

Final result, I was able to remove 10.62.2.0/23 from two Nexus 7Ks, bring it up on the new Nexus 93240s, and initiate the advertisement of that subnet over OSPF to regain connectivity.

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ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Alirio Zavarce, CCIE #28672, is a seasoned enterprise route-switch consultant with 30 years of experience with data networks. Alirio started this networking blog to help his peers become better network engineers and share all his everyday experiences and troubleshooting tips. More about me...

If Alirio had to prepare to take it again, here's what he would do to pass the CCIE lab.

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